A religious woman, noble both by birth and by nature; she was daughter of Oslac, the famous butler of king Ethtelwulf, which Oslac was a Goth by nation, descended from the Goths and Jutes, of the seed, namely, of Stuf and Whitgar, two brothers and counts; who, having received possession of the Isle of Wight from their uncle, King Cerdic, and his son Cynric their cousin, slew the few British inhabitants whom they could find in that island, at a place called Gwihtgaraburgh; (3) for the other inhabitants of the island had either been slain, or escaped into exile.
Ordoño III (c.926Zamora, 956) was the king of León from 951 to 956, son and successor of Ramiro II (931-951). He confronted Navarre and Castile, who supported his stepbrother Sancho the Fat, who disputed Ordoño's claim to the throne.
This was not the only problem of his reign, however, he had to deal with internal rebellion, attacks from the Muslims of al-Andalus, and the rebellion of Galicia. In response to the Muslims, Ordoño III sent troops as far as Lisbon (955). Before this great show of force, the Muslims had nothing to do but ask for peace. Negotiations ended with a treaty between the king of León and the caliph of Córdoba Abd al-Rahman III (912-961).
He tried to continue the actions of his father in fortifying the land and the royal authority in the face of the contumacious and secesional Count Fernán González.
Ordoño II (c.873924, León) was king of Galicia from 910 and of León from 914 until his death. He was the second son of the King Alfonso III the Great and his wife, Amulina of Navarre (called Jinema after his marriage).
His father sent him to Zaragoza to be educated in the court of the Banu Qasi. Upon Alfonso's death in 910, his sons divided the kingdom of Asturias. León went to García, Galicia to Ordoño, and Asturias to Fruela. Asturian primacy was nevertheless recognised, though Ordoño was of a harder temperament than his brothers. Upon his brother García's death in Zamora in 914, he succeeded him in León.
Ordoño continued thereafter the expansion of the Christian polity of his forefathers on two fronts. In the west of his territiories, he sacked Mérida and Évora and forced the Muslim governor of the region to buy his retreat.
In the east of his territories, he united with Sancho I Garcés, king of Navarre, against the emir of Córdoba, Abd-ar-Rahman III. The Moors were destroyed at San Esteban de Gormaz (917). Arnedo and Calahorra were taken the next year from the Banu Qasi. The reaction of Abd-ar-rahman, however, was not light. In 920, he put to march and army to recover Osma and San Esteban de Gormaz. He crossed into Navarre and destroyed the Christians at Valdejunquera and took captive the bishops of Tui and Salamanca. Though intending to crush Pamplona itself, he turned around to deal with his immense booty.
Ordoño IIwho had come at King Sancho's requestattributed the loss to the absence of the counts of Castile, who had not come at his call. He brought them together at Tejares and had them killed. The Christian counteroffensive was immediate, occupying La Rioja and incorporating into Navarre Nájera and Viguera.
Ordoño married Sancha, daughter of Sancho of Navarre. He died in 924 without descendants of age and the final surviving brother of his family, Fruela, the king of Asturias, succeeded him in his two realms, thus reuniting their father's patrimony.
Ordoño I (83127 May 866) became the king of Asturias in 850. He was born in Oviedo, where he spent his early life in the court of Alfonso II. He was probably associated with the crown from an early age.
When just nine years old, he moved to Lugo, capital of the province of Galicia, of which his father, Ramiro, had been named governor. There he was educated, even in the military arts.
Ordoño was named governor of Galicia when his father went off to Vardulias to marry Paterna (his second wife). While away, Alfonso died and Ramiro was proclaimed king. However, Ramiro still away, the impatient nobles elected Count Nepocian in opposition. Ordoño immediately began to raise an army to assist his father in putting down the usurper. He could not leave his post in Galici to help, however, and his army went unused. When his father finally prevailed, he confirmed Ordoño in his heretofore provisional position.
In 847, at the age of 26, Ordoño married Muniadona, probably a sister of the count of Bierzo. She was to give him six children, including his successor, Alfonso III.
On January 1, 850, Ordoño succeeded his father as king. He was the first king of Asturias to ascend the throne without election, he was the heir of his father. His first confrontation was with the Basques, who rebelled with the support of the Banu Qasi of Zaragoza. While returning to Oviedo after defeating the rebels, he received news of an impending Moorish assault on Vardulias. Before the Moors could attack, he met them near the Ebro and defeated them. These victories meant little in the long run, for the governor of Zaragoza, Musa ibn Musa fortified the city of Albaida (Albelda). In 859, Ordoño defeated him at Albelda and besieged and razed the city.
He supported the mozarab rebels, which cost him at Guadacelete in 854. But this fiasco only incited him to consolidate the "Desert of the Duero", the depopulated region between the Asturian cordillera and the river Duero. He directed the Repoblación, by which were repopulated the towns of León, Astorga, Tuy, and Amaya.
He intended to advance against the governor of Tudela and thus control all access to the Navarre and the Basque Country, but the Emirate of Córdoba responded with an invasion of Álava and a sack of the eponymous city. At Bureba, the Arabs defeated Rodrigo, first count of Castile, and set back the Reconquista for years.
Ordoño died in Oviedo and was succeeded by his eldest son.